[Revised December 6, 2017]

FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE


PART I--ID'S

THEMISTOCLES, ARISTIDES, DELIAN LEAGUE, CIMON, PERICLES, (ASPASIA), (ANAXAGORAS), ARCHIDAMUS, MEGARIAN DECREES, CLEON, ALCIBIADES, NICIAS, ARGINUSAE

THUCYDIDES, PERICLES FUNERAL ORATION, PLAGUE IN ATHENS, MYTILENE DEBATE, REVOLUTION IN CORCYRA, MELIAN DIALOGUE, PEACE OF NICIAS

THALES, (PARMENIDES), (HERACLITU)S, SOPHISTS, SOCRATES, PLATO, (MENO), (THE REPUBLIC), ARISTOTLE, (TELOS), (NICOMACHEAN ETHICS), (ARETE), DIOGENES, STOICISM, EPICUREANISM

CRITIAS, THERAMENES, AGESILAOS, EPAMINONDAS, PELOPIDAS, DEMOSTHENES

PHILIP OF MACEDON, OLYMPIAS, CHAERONEA, ALEXANDER THE GREAT, BUCEPHALUS, (GRANICUS), (ISSUS), (GAUGAMELA), TYRE, (ROXANNE), (OECUMENE), HELLENISTIC AGE, KOINE, (EUCLID), (ARCHIMEDES)


PART II—ESSAYS

1.  The story of Athens in the 5th century BC (especially from the end of the Persian war in 479 BC until the end of the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC) has both tragic elements and the elements of a real tragedy. Comment.

2.  If Herodotus is properly considered the father of history, to Thucydides should possibly go an equally distinguished title: either the "father of political science" or "the father of scientific history."  He is certainly a great historian, a great literary artist, and a great master of presenting history as "political science teaching by examples."  Comment

3. While the Greeks made contributions in many areas (e.g., the visual arts), the development of philosophy was perhaps their most important contribution to subsequent civilization.  Comment.

4. For all their supposed love of freedom, the Greeks in the period following the Peloponnesian war did not behave in a manner at all appropriate to free men, and it is not surprising that the Greeks soon lost their freedom.  Comment.

5. Philip of Macedon and his son Alexander both in some ways deserve the title "the great," if we understand “great” as meaning simply important.  But were either of them “great” in any other sense?  Perhaps—or perhaps not.   Comment.