[Edited October 28, 2019]

The Fall 2019 2nd Midterm Exam will be on Wednesday, October 30.  Terms in parentheses will not be included among the ID choices, but you might still find them useful to discuss in connection with the related essay question.  Notice that I have put study question #5 in parentheses: I didn't cover enough of this material in class.  Those ID's related to that essay *are* very likely to be among those I will have you choose from in Part I of the exam.

There is a  brief MT 2 study advice Powerpoint online.  You will probably find it useful.


MIDTERM II: PRELIMINARY STUDY GUIDE

ID'S:

LOUIS XIV, LOUIS XV, FREDERICK WILLIAM I, FREDERICK THE GREAT, MARIA THERESA, JOSEPH II, PETER THE GREAT, CATHERINE THE GREAT

(PHILOSOPHES), DIDEROT, CONDORCET, ROUSSEAU, (CONFESSIONS), THE SOCIAL CONTRACT, CIVIL LIBERTY, DEISM, (LEIBNITZ), OPTIMISM, VOLTAIRE, CANDIDE,  KANT, CATEGORICAL IMPERATIVE

(LOUIS XVI), NATIONAL ASSEMBLY, (DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN), THE CONVENTION, ROBESPIERRE, COMMITTEE OF PUBLIC SAFETY, REIGN OF TERROR, THE DIRECTORY, NAPOLEON

CONGRESS OF VIENNA, ALEXANDER I, (HOLY ALLIANCE), LIBERALISM, LAISSEZ-FAIRE, NATIONALISM, CRIMEAN WAR,  REVOLUTION OF 1830, LOUIS PHILIPPE, REVOLUTION OF 1848, LOUIS NAPOLEON, CAVOUR, GARIBALDI, BISMARCK, FRANCO-PRUSSIAN WAR, (VICTORIA)

WHITE MAN'S BURDEN, LEOPOLD II, (BERLIN CONFERENCE), (HINDUISM), (CASTE SYSTEM), (THUGS), (KALI), (SATI), EAST INDIA COMPANY, (OCEAN DEVILS), OPIUM WAR, TAIPING REBELLION

ESSAYS:

1. While in some ways the 18th century was an age of enlightenment, it was not a very enlightened age.  The mixture of enlightenment and folly is particularly evident when one looks at the European monarchs of this century.  Comment.

2. The great thinkers of the 18th century turned to reason for answers to mankind's problems.  They believed that reason would end poverty and injustice.  They believed that reason would help them create the ideal social and political system.  They even believed that reason would provide the ultimate answers in religion.  One might even say that they carried their faith in reason to an irrational extreme. Comment.

3. During each stage of the French Revolution, the French tried to make wonderful improvements in their form of government, but, in many cases, these improvements turned out not to be so wonderful after all.  Comment.

4. The 19th century in some ways merits the name "The Age of Progress."  Interestingly enough, this progress came through an a mixture of conservative and liberal ideas.  Comment.

(5. In the 18th and 19th centuries, Europeans were convinced they had a duty to share their superior ways of doing things with the rest of the world, a feeling that came to be called the "White Man's Burden."  They did end up making major changes, but European attempts to change the world typically did turn out to be a burden--both for the Europeans and for the peoples they thought they were helping. Comment.)

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